Moringa oleifera (Moringa, drumstick tree) OUT OF STOCK

Viable seeds / kg (approx.): 4,280

Minimum purchase:100 g




Description



Moringa is native to northwestern
India, but due to its many qualities, it has been introduced and cultivated in
many other countries. It is a fast growing species, resistant to drought, and
can reach heights of 10-12 m and diameters of 45 cm.



Uses



Its leaves, green pods and seeds
are used for medicinal purposes and as food for humans and animals, as they
have high nutritional content. An edible, clear and odorless oil is also
extracted from the mature seeds, which is also used for the manufacture of
cosmetics, biofuels, natural soap and natural medicine. The cultivation of
moringa has been promoted by FAO and several governments to combat
malnutrition, and in some countries, for example in Cuba, it has been called
"miraculous tree", due to its multiple qualities.



Environmental conditions



Moringa is cultivated mainly in
tropical and subtropical semiarid environments, at altitudes of 0-1400 masl, with
a mean annual rainfall of 800 mm or more.



Soils



It grows well in a wide range of
soil conditions, with pH ranges of 5-9, although it prefers neutral to slightly
acid soils (pH 6.3 - 7.0), sandy or silty, well drained.



Seeds and nursery



For a homogenous germination it is
suggested to soak the seeds in running water at room temperature for 24 hours. For
the seedbed it is recommended to use a loose substrate such as river sand, well
washed and disinfected. The seed should be distributed evenly or in rows
separated by 2 cm, sowing superficially (2 mm). Germination occurs after 8-10 days
and transplanting must be carried out when the seedlings have reached 3-5 cm in
height and the first true leaves appear. The root is usually very long, so it
must be pruned to about 3-4 cm in length. When transplanting, be sure to make a
hole deep enough in the substrate to avoid curving up of the roots. Shade
should be provided for the first 2-3 weeks after transplanting, for instance
using shade clothing (saran) 50%. The plants will be ready for field planting
after 2-4 months in the nursery or when they have a height of about 25 cm. Due
to its rapid initial growth, direct sowing can also be done, placing 2-3 seeds
per hole, and then selecting the best seedling. A couple of weeks before
planting out in the field it is recommended to reduce watering to stimulate the
lignification of the stems.



Growth



Its cultivation stands out for its
rusticity, great capacity for regrowth after cutting, fast growth and
versatility. It can be cultivated as isolated trees or in high densities, in
pure plantation, in fences or in agroforestry combinations, either in annual
cycles or as perennial. In plantation, a common practice is to cut it annually
at a height of 1 m or less to produce new shoots with easily accessible pods. Flowering
begins at approximately six months of age. The fruits are triangular pods 20-45
cm long, containing winged globular dark brown seeds.


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Banco de Semillas Forestales

Costa Rica

USD 50/kg